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British vs American food terminology list

Discussion in 'Other Recipes' started by Johnie, Dec 15, 2008.

  1. Johnie
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    Johnie Budget Queen Forum Host

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    Thought this might be helpful
    alligator pear = avocado
    all purpose flour = plain flour, unbleached flour
    almond paste = marzipan
    aubergines = eggplants
    avocado = alligator pear
    bacon (UK) = Canadian bacon, ham (US)
    bacon (US) = streaky bacon (UK)
    banger = sausage
    bean curd = soybean curd, tofu
    beet = beetroot
    beetroot = beet
    bell peppers = capsicum
    bird peppers = serrano chiles
    biscuits = cookies
    blackstrap molasses = black treacle
    black treacle = blackstrap molasses
    broad bean = fava bean
    brown onion = yellow onion
    butter bean = lima bean
    Canadian bacon (US) = bacon (UK)
    candied fruit = peal
    capsicum = bell peppers
    cassava = manioc, yuca
    castor sugar = superfine granulated sugar
    ceci beans = chick peas, garbanzo beans
    chick peas = ceci beans, garbanzo beans
    chips (UK) = French fries (US)
    cilantro = coriander
    clams = cockles, donax
    cling film = plastic wrap
    cockles = clams, donax
    cookies = biscuits
    coriander = cilantro
    cornmeal = polenta, ground corn
    cornstarch = corn flour
    Cream of Wheat = farina
    Crisco = lard, spry
    crisps (UK) = potato chips (US)
    confectioner's sugar = icing sugar, powdered sugar
    courgettes = zucchini, marrow squash
    delmonico steak = New York strip, shell steak
    donax = clams
    double cream = whipping cream
    eggplant = aubergine
    English pea = green pea, garden pea, peas
    essence = extract
    extract = essence
    farina = cream of wheat
    fava bean = broad bean
    filberts = hazelnuts
    flour, unbleached = all purpose flour, plain flour, strong white flour
    flour, whole wheat = wholemeal flour
    French beans = haricot verts, green beans
    French fries (US) = chips (UK)
    gammon = special cured ham
    garbanzo beans = chick peas, ceci beans
    garden pea = green pea, English pea, peas
    green bean = haricot vert, French beans
    green onion = long green shallots, scallions
    green pea = garden pea, English pea, peas
    ground beef = mince, hamburger meat
    ground corn = cornmeal, polenta
    groundnut oil = peanut oil
    habanero pepper = scotch bonnett pepper (similar to)
    ham (US) = bacon (UK)
    hamburger meat = mince, ground beef
    haricot vert = green bean
    hazelnuts = filberts
    icing sugar = confectioner's sugar, powdered sugar
    jam (UK) = jelly (USA)
    Japanese cooking wine = mirin, sweet sake
    Japanese plum = loquat
    Japanese pumpkin = kabocha squash
    jelly (UK) = Jell-O (USA)
    jelly (USA) = jam (UK)
    kabocha squash = Japanese pumpkin
    key lime = Persian lime
    lady finger = okra
    lard = spry, rendered pork fat, suet
    light cream = single cream
    lima bean = butter bean
    long green shallots = green onion, scallion
    loquat = Japanese plum
    manioc = cassava, yuca
    marrow squash = zucchini, courgette
    marzipan = almond paste
    mince = ground beef, hamburger meat
    mirin = sweet sake, Japanese cooking wine
    New York strip steak = delmonico steak, shell steak
    okra = lady finger
    papaya, unripe = pawpaw
    pawpaw = unripe papaya
    peanut oil = groundnut oil
    peal = candied fruit
    peas = green pea, garden pea, English pea
    Persian lime = key lime
    pips = seeds
    plain flour = all-purpose flour
    plastic wrap = cling film
    polenta = ground corn, cornmeal
    potato chips (US) = crisps (UK)
    powdered sugar = icing sugar, confectioner's sugar
    radicchio = red chicory
    raisins = sultanas
    rasher = strip of streaky bacon
    red chicory = radicchio
    rind = zest
    rutabaga = swede
    sausage = banger
    scallion = green onion
    scotch bonnett = habanero (similar to)
    seeded = stoned
    seeds = pips
    serrano chiles = bird peppers
    shell steak = delmonico steak, New York strip
    shoyu = tamari, soy sauce
    single cream = light cream
    soy bean curd = bean curd, tofu
    soy sauce = tamari, shoyu
    Spanish onion = Bermuda onion
    spring onions = scallions
    spry = lard, sue
    stoned = seeded
    streaky bacon (UK) = bacon (US)
    strong white flour = bread flour
    sultanas = raisins
    superfine granulated sugar = castor sugar
    swede = rutabaga
    sweet sake = mirin, Japanese cooking wine
    tamari = shoyu, soy sauce
    tempe = tempeh
    tempeh = tempe
    tofu = bean curd, soybean curd
    unbleached flour = all-purpose flour, strong white flour, plain flour
    whipping cream = double cream
    wholemeal flour = whole wheat flour
    whole wheat flour = whole meal flour
    yellow onions = brown onions
    yuca = manioc, cassava
    zest = rind
    zucchini = courgettes or marrow squash
    Last edited by a moderator: Dec 16, 2008
  2. Tink
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    Tink Cead Mille Failte! Staff Member Administrator

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    Canadian bacon is called Pease Ham in Canada. :D
  3. Johnie
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    Johnie Budget Queen Forum Host

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    well now that I know mincemeat is really hamburger meat, I am no longer scared of it.
  4. Tink
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    Tink Cead Mille Failte! Staff Member Administrator

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    Uhhhhh, mince is a reference to the chopped up nature of hamburger or any other ground meat.

    Mincemeat is the pie filling, and I believe that holds true in the UK, too? :unsure: (Although some really old recipes for mincemeat have real meat and suet in it).
  5. Claire
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    Claire She lost the crayons!

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    This is the only mincemeat I know if this helps.
  6. Johnie
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    Johnie Budget Queen Forum Host

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    Interesting....almost reminding me of bobotie (meat and fruit in it)
  7. mumof2
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    mumof2 Serious Forum Regular

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    yep that's right Tink!

    Johnie,that's very useful thank you! :thumbsup:
  8. Ursula
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    Ursula Cast Member

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    Had DH very confused when he first came over and I asked him if he wanted a mince pie... he thought he was getting a meat pie and was really puzzled to get whipped cream on it. Me not realising why he was giving me a weird look as I gave it to him... lol... Anyways now when I say mince pie he always checks what I mean.

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